The cultivation of your marijuana plant depends a lot on your exposure to light. Marijuana plants are very sensitive to changes in the photoperiod (the duration of light access). The duration you provide them with light, and darkness can promote positive change or problems in your harvest.
The photoperiod is the process by which plants regulate their biological activity. This regulation happens due to the time you expose them to light and the time they spend in darkness. They are also affected by the seasons and solar cycles. All this drives your timing of growth period, flowering stage and final harvest.
How the photoperiod is regulated
Your weed plants need a calculated period of use of light and darkness quite concrete. Your weed plants can be grown throughout the year under artificial conditions. Artificial light will provide you with the opportunity to “PUSH” your plants to flower when you decide. Growing outdoors, you are at the mercy of the suns natural cycle. In the spring, the sun is low in the sky; you will experience shorter days. In the summer, the sun quickly rises higher in the sky, providing you with longer days. In the fall the sun descends again shortening the amount of “Daylight hours”.
Photoperiod for growing weed
In winter, plants and flowers remain in the so-called ” dormant state,” since the nights last longer and the temperatures are lower than during the rest of the year. When spring arrives, the plant begins to bloom, and its development is activated. The fruits arrive between summer and autumn, and at the end of the low temperatures and the reduction of hours of the sun causes the leaves to fall, if they are deciduous. However, it is essential to keep in mind that not all plants need the same period of light. Some need more, others less, and others are neutral, that is, it does not matter which photoperiod they are exposed.
Plants are grown indoors or outdoors. You have to address the photoperiod one way or another. Outdoor plants, for example, receive a much better light, since it is natural. Those inside are exposed to a worse light because it is artificial.
Photoperiod in indoor marijuana plants
Indoor growing, also known as indoor, gives you some advantages that you should not overlook. The most important thing is that the photoperiod is going to be managed on your schedule. You will have absolute control in the time that your plants spend with light or darkness. The most natural is that you expose your plants to 12 hours of light and another 12 hours of darkness. Even so, this consideration is the best when your plants are in the flowering period. When your plants are growing, it is better to spend 18 hours of light and only 6 of darkness. You must contribute enough light to obtain the necessary nutrients.
Indoor photoperiod can be extended even up to 24 hours of light at times. The more extended light period is about getting your plant to grow faster, without breaks in the vegetative stage. It is not about burning them. It’s essential to be very careful with your timing. Marijuana plants are unique and very sensitive to changes. Pushing one genetic strain may work better than others.
A well-known system adapted to the world of the marijuana plantation is that of Reinhard Delp. This system ensures that the plants have faster development if exposed to 12 hours of light with five and a half hours of darkness, one hour of light and another five and a half of darkness.
It is crucial to take into account the stress to which your weed plants can be subjected. The location you grow your indoor weed must not have holes through which light can invade. Your marijuana plant may suffer stress during the dark period. It takes absolute darkness.
Finally, you must remember that to create these photoperiods, and you have to do it with lamps. LED are the most recommended bulbs, low consumption and high effectiveness. The LEDs will also keep you from burning the plant, at the same time that you get a high luminosity.
Photoperiod in outdoor marijuana plants
Marijuana plants have typical crop development because they grow when the days get longer and flower when they shorten. The day with the most hours of light is the summer solstice, at the end of June. At that time, your plants begin to develop the hormone known as “florigen,” which is responsible for the marijuana plant to bloom, until the fall arrives and the temperatures become worse.
The light that your plants receive in these outdoor crops, or also known as outdoor, is much better since it is natural. In an outdoor grow, you can not control how many hours of sun and darkness your weed plants receive. The cultivation will be much more natural, and everything will depend on the climatology of the place where you are.
Something you can do, even if the culture is outdoors, is to avoid light pollution in your marijuana plants. During the night, lampposts, cars that pass through the street and other problems can make your plant feel the stress of the photoperiod. Therefore, you should be careful and cover them at night so that they do not receive light during their time of darkness.